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Good working environment conditions can support employee productivity which ultimately has an impact on improving employee performance. The distribution of the work environment can not be separated from each other. Between the two must be balanced, because both the physical and non-physical work environment both affect employee performance. To balance the two, management awareness of the company is needed. Therefore, a conducive work environment is needed to support the performance of employees in carrying out their work, so that the results obtained can be achieved optimally.
1. Physical Work Environment
The physical work environment is anything that is around the employee's work that affects employees in carrying out their workload. Work environment issues in an organization are very important, in this case it is necessary to regulate and organize physical work environment factors in organizing organizational activities. Examples of physical work environments are lighting, wall color, air circulation, music, cleanliness, and security.
2. Non-Physical Work Environment
Non-physical work environment is all conditions that occur relating to work relationships, both relationships with superiors and fellow co-workers, or relationships with subordinates. Examples of non-physical work environments are task structure, job design, cooperative patterns, leadership patterns, and organizational culture. Non-physical environment also greatly affects employee performance, in the form of culture created by the company. This culture can be measured by existing habits, the character of the leaders, and how the company's organizational structure. Why does this affect employee performance? Of course yes, because employees will interact directly with superiors and other employees. Although each person has their own character, but usually HR will follow the pattern of interactions and habits that are enforced by the company.
3. Effect of Work Environment on Employee Performance
A safe and healthy work environment is proven to have an effect on productivity. A condition of the work environment is said to be good or appropriate if humans who are in it can carry out their activities optimally, healthy, safe, and comfortable. Suitability of the work environment can have an impact in a long time, as well as a bad work environment will result in the difficulty of obtaining an effective and efficient work system.